Dr Tamara Ditrich

PhD (Studies in Religion, University of Queensland), BA Hons (Linguistics, University of Ljubljana)

Head of Program - Applied Buddhist Studies, NTI

Tamara’s disciplinary background is in Buddhist Studies, Sanskrit language and Vedic philology. She has had over thirty years of teaching and research experiences at various universities in the EU and Australia. Her current research interests are primarily in TheravŒda Buddhism and Vedic philology. 


  • Head of Program - Applied Buddhist Studies, Nan Tien Institute, Wollongong,
  • Honorary Associate, Indian Sub-Continental Studies; University of Sydney, Australia
  • Research Associate, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Grants and Awards (received in the last five years)

  • EU Marie Curie International Grant, SP3-People, for a research project “Dual deities in the Rgveda”, 2008-2012.
  • ARRS (Slovenian Research Council Grant), Project P6-0243, “Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa”, University of Ljubljana (2009-2012).
  • AD Futura Grant, Contemporary Indian Studies, Primorska University, Slovenia, 2008.
  • Australian Research Council Grant for the research project “Recently discovered rare manuscripts of mediaeval Pali subcommentaries: a missing link in Buddhist textual transmission”, 2007-2008.
  • University of Queensland Early Career Researcher Scheme Grant for the research project “Dvandva Compounds in the Rgveda”, 2007-2008.

Research Fields and Current Interests

  • Buddhist meditation in theory and practice
  • Buddhist ethics
  • The role of dual deities in the Rgveda
  • Gender issues in Indian history

Selected Papers Read at Conferences, Symposia and Seminars (in the last five years)

  • “Exegesis of the terms ajjhattam and bahiddha in the Satipatthana-sutta”, conference Multiple Religious Modernities, Australian Association for the Study of Religion and Australasian Association of Buddhist Studies, Sydney, Australia, 28-30 September 2012.
  • “Buddhism in the Contemporary World: New Approaches to Meditation”, Symposium on the Tibetan Culture, Maribor, Slovenia, 18 May 2012.
  • “Smrti in the Yogasutra: memory or mindfulness?”, seminar, Australasian Association of Buddhist Studies, University of Sydney, 28 July 2011.
  • “Goddesses in Ancient India: One or Many?”, conference “Intercultural harmony: paths to intercultural dialog”, University of Maribor, Maribor, 27 May 2011.
  • “Gender Relations in the Rgvedic Pantheon: Mothers and Wives”, symposium Cooperation and Conflicts in East and South Asia: Contemporaneity, Historical and Cultural Aspects, University of Ljubljana, 23-24 March 2011.
  • “The concept of attachment in Buddhism”; International Symposium 12. Breganotovi dnevi, Rogaska Slatina, 14-17 October 2010.
  • “Typology of Dvandva Compounds in the Rgveda”, seminar, Linguistic Association, University of Ljubljana, 24 May 2010.
  • “The Concept of Mindfulness in Yoga”, conference The Age of Breath: Yoga, the Body and the Feminine, University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia, 6-8 May, 2010.
  • “Development of Emotional and Spiritual Balance through the Practice of Mindfulness”, symposium Alternative Methods in Palliative Care, Medical Association of Slovenia, Ljubljana, 23 October 2009.
  • “One and Many Gods of Hinduism”, seminar Religion and Tolerance, Maribor, 15 October 2009.
  • “Chronological Relationship between the Rgvedasamhita, the Rgvedapadaparha, and the Astadhyayi Revisited”, the 14th World Sanskrit Conference, Kyoto University, Japan, 01-05 September 2009.
  • “The Presentation of Motherhood in Ancient Hindu Legal Sources”, conference The Mother: Images, Issues and Practices, University of Queensland, 5-7 July 2007.
  • “Historical Development and Typology of Dvandva Compounds in the Rgveda”, international conference The Fourth International Vedic Workshop: The Vedas in Culture and History, University of Texas, Austin, USA, 24-27 May 2007.
  • “The Goddesses in the Vedas”, symposium Goddess: Divine Energy, the Art Gallery of New South Wales, 13 October, 2006.
  • “Dual Deities in the Rgveda: Stylistic and Typological Analysis”, conference Alternative Expressions of the Numinous, University of Queensland, 20 August 2006.
  • “Stylistic and Typological Analysis of Coordinative Nominal Constructions in the Rgveda”, the 13th World Sanskrit Conference, Edinburgh, 10 July 2006.

Research areas

  • Pali and Sanskrit textual studies
  • Buddhist meditation in theory and practice
  • Sanskrit and traditional Indian Linguistics
  • The role of dual deities in the ôgveda
  • Gender issues in early Indian history

Selected publications


  • AºguttaranikŒyapurŒöa­´kŒ, CatutthŒ LinatthapakŒsin´, ed. P. Pecenko, posthumously completed by Tamara Ditrich. Bristol: Pali Text Society, 2012.
  • The Indian Subcontinent: between tradition and modernity, ed. Tamara Ditrich. Asian Studies Vol. 1, No. 1. Ljubljana: Faculty of Arts, 2013.
  • The way things really are: A translation of Book IV of the Sutta-nipŒta, trans. Lesley Lebkowicz, Tamara Ditrich and Primoz Pecenko. Buddhanet’s Ebook LibrarySeries. Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc., 2006.
  • Jiddu Krishnamurti: Problemi zivljenja. Ljubljana: Mladinska Knjiga, 1994.

Articles and Chapters in Books

  • “The concept of smṛti in the Yogasūtra: memory or mindfulness?” In The Indian Subcontinent: Between Tradition and Modernity, ed. Tamara Ditrich. Asian Studies Vol. 1 (XVII), No. 1 (2013), pp. 45-62.
  • “Mindfulness in modern Buddhism: new approaches and meanings”. In One Dharma: Many Buddhist Traditions: A Festschrift in Memory of K Sri Dhammananda (1919-2006), ed. Benny Liow Woon Khin. Petaling Jaya: Buddhist Gem Fellowship, 2013, pp. 181–190.
  • “Chronological relationship between the ôgvedasaµhitŒ, the ôgvedapadapŒ ha and the A· ŒdhyŒy´ revisited”. In Festschrift in Honor of Boris Oguibénine, eds. Guillaume Ducoeur, Victoria Grace, and Nataliya Yanchevskaya. Cambridge, MA: Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, Harvard University [forthcoming].
  • “Presentations of female roles in ancient India: mothers, wives, daughters”, Glasnik SED 53, Nos. 1, 2 (2013), pp. 52–57.
  • “Indian goddesses: one or many?” In Sozitje med kulturami — poti do medkulturnega dialoga, II, ed. Maja Lamberger Khatib. Maribor: Pivec. 2012, pp. 51–63.
  • “Syntagmns constructed with coordinative particles in ôgveda I.1.–I.50”, Acta Linguistica Asiatica 2, No. 1 (2012), pp. 45–59.
  • “The typology of Œmreita compounds in the ôgveda”, Acta Linguistica Asiatica 1, No. 1 (2011), pp. 71–84.
  • “Buddhism in contemporary world: new approaches to meditation”. In Sozitje med kulturami — poti do medkulturnega dialoga, ed. Maja Lamberger Khatib. Maribor: Pivec. 2011, pp. 127–135.
  • “The presentation of motherhood in the Law Code of Manu”. In Mother-Texts: Narratives and Counter Narratives, ed. M. Porter and J. Kelso. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010, pp. 143–163.
  • “Epistole o prijateljstvu” [“The concept of friendship in early Buddhism”], by Košir, M. and Ditrich, T. Nova revija, 333–335, XXIX. Ljubljana, 2010, pp. 170–187.
  • “The variety of expression for Heaven and Earth in the ôgveda”. Crossroads 5/1 (2010), pp. 35–44.
  • “The concept of attachment in Buddhism”, 12. Breganotovi dnevi. Ljubljana: ZPS, 2010, pp. 73–77.
  • “Historical development and typology of dvandva compounds in the ôgveda”. In Proceedings from the Fourth International Vedic Workshop, The University of Texas, Austin, 24 May 2007. Firenze: Società Editrice Fiorentina [forthcoming].
  • “Development of emotional and spiritual balance through the practice of mindfulness”. Proceedings of the symposium Alternative Methods in Palliative Care, eds. T. Štemberger Kolnik and S. Majcen Dvoršak. Ljubljana: Medical Association of Slovenia, 200, pp. 126–134.
  • “ôgvedic goddesses: their roles and significance in the Vedic pantheon”. In Indian Studies—Slovenian Contributions, ed. L Skof. Kolkata: Sampark Publishing, 2008, pp. 153–165.
  • “SŒriputta, the author of the PŒli é´kŒs”, by P. Pecenko, revised and edited by T. Ditrich. In Indian Studies—Slovenian Contributions, ed. L Skof. Kolkata: Sampark Publishing, 2008, pp. 131–152.
  • Dvandva compounds in the ôgveda: the chronology of the ten maöalas revisited”. Poligrafi 41/42, vol. 11 (2006), pp. 123–148.
  • “Stylistic analysis of coordinative nominal constructions for dual deities in the ôgveda”. In Selected Papers from the Vedic Panel of the 13th World Sanskrit Conference held in Edinburgh, Scotland. 10th-14th July 2006. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass [forthcoming].
  • Dvandva compounds and the chronology of the ôgveda”. Crossroads 1 (Autumn 2006), pp. 26–35.
  • “Early Goddesses”. In Goddess: Divine Energy, ed. J. Menzies. Sydney: Art Gallery of New South Wales, 2006, pp.18–21. 
  • “Human and divine mothers in Hinduism.” In Motherhood: Power and Oppression, eds. Marie Porter, Patricia Short, and Andrea O'Reilly. Toronto: Women's Press, 2005, pp. 137–151.
  • “Indological Studies in Australia”. In Indology: Past, Present and Future, ed. Saroja Bhate. Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 2002, pp. 61–83.
  • Ka­ha Upani·ad” In Sebstvo in meditacija, ed. Andrej Ule. Poligrafi 17/18. Ljubljana: Nova Revija, 2001, pp. 61–77.
  • “Sutra o modrosti in neumnosti” [“Sutra of the wise and foolish”, trans. from Tibetan] Dvatisoc 129–131(2000), pp. 5–12.
  • “Hinduism, Theravada Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism, Zoroastrism”. In Mitologija, Vol 1.  Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, 1988, pp. 14–57.


TEL: +61 (2) 4258 0761
Email: t.ditrich@nantien.edu.au